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Table of Contents

Memoranda, correspondence, reports and notes relating to operations in Palestine, , especially planning for the Third Battle of Gaza, Oct ; narrative accounts of the role of 20 Corps at the Third Battle of Gaza and the capture of Jerusalem. Unpublished memoirs, 'My life', written in and relating to his life and career, , including details of his staff appointments during World War One, Typescript memoirs, 'Look back with pleasure', written in , covering his life and military career, , including his service in Mesopotamia and Palestine, Papers relating to his service in France, , including orders and summaries of operations for Royal Field Artillery, 12 Div, ; orders, maps and timetables relating to trench mortar batteries on the Somme, Jul-Sep ; General Staff publications on wiring, signalling, the employment of guns and trench mortars captured from the enemy, and 2 Army operations, Detailed memoir, 'I'd live it again', covering his life and military career, , including his service in France, , written in and privately published in pamphlet form.

Papers , including two letters to his sister describing action at Menin Road, third Battle of Ypres, Sep , and Battle of the Selle, Oct Proof copy of article, written in , on his military career, , notably concerning his experiments with the transmission and interception of wireless messages and radar. Papers, , relating to BBC television series The Great War , broadcast in , including programme summaries, Bonham-Carter's notes, his drafts of the script and a joint script with Antony Jay.

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Copies of three letters to his family describing action at Gallipoli, Aug-Sep Papers include printed material relating to RAF policy and training operations, including a file on air policy, , including Air Ministry report on air raids over Germany, Jan-Nov , and pamphlets relating to air fighting tactics, World War One; aerial reconnaissance photographs of Western Front, Letters home to his parents as an RFC trainee pilot, Papers, , relating to his life and career, including correspondence with his family, , covering his service with 11 Bn, Queen's Regt Royal West Surrey Regt , UK and Western Front, Copy of unpublished memoirs, including details of his service in France, Papers, , including letters home and photographs relating to Gallipoli, , and Salonika, Typescript texts written under the pen-name John Harley, including 'Journeys in khaki', an illustrated memoir written in , covering his life and career, , with details of his service with the British Expeditionary Force BEF in France, ; 'A doctor went to the wars', an account of his experiences during and , written in Letters home to his wife, Accounts of activities of 12 Prince of Wales' Royal Lancers in , notably the advance into Flanders and First Battle of Ypres; newsletter of 2 Cavalry Div, ; incomplete translation of the personal diary of a German Lt in Infantry Regt, May-Aug ; letters from Charrington to his wife, , ; personal letter, written in , describing the capture of the Nauroy Ridge, near Bellenglise, France, by the Australian Corps, 29 Sep Microfilm papers, , including letters home to his wife, , notably describing his intelligence work at 1 Army Headquarters and BEF General Headquarters, Typescript draft of 'The memoirs of a professional soldier in peace and war', written , including descriptions of service in Gallipoli, Egypt and Palestine, notably the First, Second and Third Battles of Gaza, Palestine, Detailed personal diaries of daily events at French General Headquarters, including preparations for and execution of Allied operations on the Western Front, relations between French and British General Staffs, meetings with Allied army commanders and political leaders, ; letter book containing correspondence, mainly relating to planning for the Nivelle Offensive, Western Front, Thirty two British and French printed maps of France, Belgium, Germany and the UK, various scales, , including annotated trench maps of operations and advances during the Battles of Cambrai, , Bullecourt, , and Fourth Battle of Arras, , with newspaper cuttings of the Western Front, and aerial photograph of Solesmes, France, annotated with position of Field Company Royal Engineers, Oct , also painted unit insignia of 62 2 West Riding Div, Royal Engineers [].

Papers, , including Letters From A Volunteer , a pamphlet edition of letters written to his parents while in barracks at Dover with 3 and 10 Bns East Surrey Regt, Oct Jan , privately published in Photocopy of privately published memoir, 'The Great War, a former 'Gunner' of the First World War looks back', a detailed account of his military career, Also memoir of his World War One service, , including work with the Gas Brigade on the development of gas masks.

Papers relating to his service in the Royal Naval Air Service and RAF, , including a log-book covering his flights in the UK, , and photographs of aircraft and personnel, Copies of diaries, , covering his flying training, , and his service with the Royal Naval Air Service in the UK, , Gallipoli, , Bulgaria, , and Egypt, Copy of account of his imprisonment in Turkey, Mar-Jul , written in Typescript of Letters from Helles Longmans, London, , describing his service in Egypt and Gallipoli, , written Army books containing notes, orders and letters relating to his service at Gallipoli, Jul Nov Papers relating to training of 5 Bn, Manchester Regt, Egypt, Also an account of the scuttling of the German fleet, Draft reports written as commander, 2 Cavalry Bde, Two typescript volumes, 'My narrative of the Great German War', an account of his service in World War One in Gallipoli and on the Western Front, , including 29 photographs, and statistics for 29 Div casualties, ; typescript of unpublished novel, 'The great recovery', written in and based on his experience of World War One.

Typescript memoir, 'Ships in bottles', covering his life and naval career, , including his service in the North Sea and the English Channel, , and off the west coast of Ireland, Also cigarettes and tobacco in their original tin, presented to all British Army personnel, Christmas Papers, , including correspondence relating to his service with Army Service Corps, Papers, , including letters relating to his service with 7 Bn, Hampshire Regt in Egypt, , and India, ; memoranda, official reports, notes and texts relating to his work as Adviser on Mechanical Transport Services to the Government of India, ; account of service of No 1 Armoured Motor Unit, North West Frontier, India, ; papers of the Joint War Air Committee, ; correspondence relating to the organisation of the air services, Papers relating to his service in the RN, , including his notes on Battle of Dogger Bank, ; photographs of ships and personnel, Papers, , including typescript memoirs, written in , including details of his service in World War One, , and in the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, ; letters from FM Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig and his wife, , mainly relating to Edmonds' work on the official history of World War One; notes, copy correspondence and messages, press cuttings and ephemera relating to World War One collected by Edmonds, Papers include notebook of Trooper T W Thorn, Surrey Yeomanry, containing a diary covering his service in Salonika, Jun Jan ; notes on the history and use of grenades, and descriptions and drawings of different types of grenades, Papers, , including accounts of Tank Corps battalions, brigades and groups during World War One, , written by Tank Corps personnel in ; correspondence, reports, memoranda, notes, maps, photographs, operation orders, and summaries of information, relating to i tank strategy and tactics, , ii the Battle of Cambrai, , and iii Tanks Corps operations, ; letters home to his parents from the Western Front ; diary covering his service By attrition emerged as the solution.

The armies of were structured differently than those of , incorporated new weaponry and operated according to tactical and operational doctrines which had developed over the course of the war. Although in most theatres, along the notorious western front in particular, armies were still fighting on roughly the same ground that they had occupied since entering the war, the intervening years had seen an unprecedented transformation in the nature, methods and objectives of warfare. It took three cycles of warfare, three campaigning seasons in pre-modern parlance, to complete this transformation.

Basic tactical concepts were tested in The costly consequences of the war were largely a product of the nature of large-scale attrition warfare, rather than a result of failure of leadership or military imagination. Every army faced the same problem, although with individual challenges. German forces essentially conducted a strategic defensive on the static western front, punctuated with limited offensives. The French Army was obliged to take the offensive to liberate national soil.

Through an iterative experimental process, tactics for fighting on the entrenched battlefield were conceived and tested in The British Citizen Army was handicapped by rapid expansion and a lack of experienced cadres. Its baptism of fire on the Somme on 1 July was to be notoriously bloody. The British Army also effectively integrated new battlefield technologies such as the tank, aircraft and gas, and even the cavalry , a branch that had supposedly already had its day on the industrialized battlefield.

After the bloody shock of its late entry into the war, the Italian Army adapted to the modern battlefield with technologically updated equipment and French and British tutelage. On the opposing side, the Austro-Hungarian Army provided a solid defence against the Italians if not the Russians with German support and training as at Caporetto in October Russian forces too were handicapped initially by weak leadership and a lack of equipment and training.

Those talented commanders who were willing to assimilate the methods being developed by allies and the enemy, such as Aleksei Brusilov , could use their troops effectively, at least if they were adequately supplied with artillery and munitions. The arrival of the American Army on the western front indicated that high morale was no compensation for faulty doctrine. It is often construed that the armies that went to war in were met with unanticipated challenges and that tactical and operational doctrine was deficient. Armies had certainly been struggling to adapt to the rapid pace of technological change since the end of the 19 th century.

The appearance of rapid-fire weapons — magazine rifles, quick-firing field artillery and the machine gun which would become synonymous with warfare between and — had caused all to re-examine tactical doctrine. The age-old contest between firepower and shock action on the battlefield would recur, with firepower temporarily proving decisive.

All armies had developed tactical systems which tried to integrate artillery fire with infantry action. The heavy casualties on both sides, however, indicated that artillery and rifle fire would control the battle space, obliging infantrymen to take to trenches for self-protection. There the Germans dug in, creating the first static trench front. Late October and November were therefore spent in a new kind of battle. The First Battle of Ypres was the first properly attritional engagement as German reserves were thrown into the fight, with allied reserves fed in piecemeal to block this attempt to break through to the Channel ports.

In this battle, steadiness under fire and old-fashioned courage in the charge held sway, although artillery still controlled the field. All armies were short of munitions after unprecedented expenditure during the war of movement shell shortages were a feature of the first year of trench warfare and it was close-range fights with bullet and bayonet that characterized this battle — for the last time. On occasion, old-fashioned manoeuvre although based on modern railway systems was effective, as at Tannenberg on the eastern front in August or when Joseph Joffre concentrated a new French Army around Paris in late August and early September to menace the open German flank.

But while strategic manoeuvre could take place at railway speed, operations were conducted at walking pace or more slowly. This was one factor that thwarted the Schlieffen-Moltke manoeuvre against France. There was a more fundamental problem of operations, however.

The armies might be set on their planned course at the outbreak of war but, sooner or later, hasty decisions would have to be made. The French command system proved more adaptable during than the much-praised German Great General Staff system. But as Foch had predicted,.


Foch would wrestle thereafter with adapting tactics and operations to the entrenched battlefield. When the campaigning season commenced, armies faced a new challenge: trench warfare. Tactically this involved fighting within the trench systems that became increasingly deep and elaborate as the war went on in a tit-for-tat evolutionary dynamic as tactical and operational methods that allowed more effective penetration into such fixed field fortifications developed.

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Operational stalemate persisted because the slower-than-walking pace of battle was too sluggish relative to the ability to reinforce threatened sectors of the front at railway or marching speed. The same problem arose during the Battle of Gallipoli where sea-power proved unable to overwhelm land forces and on the Italian front where the mountainous terrain reinforced the defensive capability of the outnumbered Austro-Hungarian forces.

Inexorably, warfare became a process of attrition, even as armies were evolving into modern, technologically sophisticated forces using tactics appropriate for an industrialized battlefield. The battles of , although overambitious and largely ineffective, were not sterile. The well-armed infantryman able to operate with fire-and-movement tactics under the cover of protective artillery fire made his appearance on the battlefield even if cooperation between arms, command and control were rudimentary.

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Airmen cultivated their role as the eyes of the advancing troops along with the overlooked but very important tethered balloons , able to peer over hills and behind enemy lines. Systems to command the larger formations multi-division army corps with attached formations and multi-corps armies and to integrate supporting weapons were formulated to manage the growing complexity and extended duration of battle. All this was, however, hampered by a general shortage of weapons and munitions, which, since battle was becoming more technical and material-intensive, would be the principal constraint on successful offensive operations well into The winter of was characterized by localized offensives in Artois and Champagne which furnished lessons on what was not effective.

Artillery support was limited and hard to target effectively when the opposing front lines were close together. At least for the first large-scale set-piece battle planned for such lessons as could be learned from trench fighting had been codified into new doctrine.

Command and control had proven inadequate.

Beasts of Steel - The First Tanks On The Battlefield I THE GREAT WAR Week 112

What was obvious, however, was that the momentum of the first rush could not be sustained against a consolidating defence. Attacking the village of Neuve-Chapelle in March, for example, the British had seized their first objective after a surprise thirty-five minute hurricane bombardment but suffered heavy casualties thereafter while trying to exploit this success without proper artillery support against a defended German second line.

The German Army used poison gas chlorine in the first instance on the battlefield at Ypres in April.

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Its tactical effect, though striking, was not decisive. The allies responded quickly in kind: the French Army used gas shells for the first time during the Artois offensive in June [18] and the British employed chlorine gas released from fixed cylinders in their Loos offensive in September. As the war progressed novel, increasingly toxic gases would be developed by the industries of both sides and munitions systems for their effective delivery improved.

Counter-gas measures — gas-masks in particular — developed apace. If gas was the most notorious of the new weapons of the industrial battlefield, many other scientific processes — explosives, ballistics, sonics, optics, photography , telegraphy , meteorology — similarly underwent development and integration into the competing tactical systems of Nevertheless, it was to be more than a year before this slow, cumbersome gun-platform made its debut on the battlefield and another year before it started to be used effectively in large numbers.

If tactical systems adapted to integrate new technologies, throughout the war they remained based on combined-arms principles identified in , essentially using artillery fire to protect and move the infantry. The artillery barrage, which developed and adapted as the war went on, was central to tactical-operational systems. Against a relatively weak and undeveloped defensive system a powerful but relatively short paralyzing bombardment could be decisive.

In the west, where defences were more solid or heavy guns in short supply a more systematic barrage, intended to destroy enemy defensive positions before the infantry attacked, was favoured.

King's College London - LHCMA World War One A-Z listing

Though ponderous, methodical destructive fire with its effects carefully monitored from the air removed many of the threats — particularly machine-gun posts and uncut wire — that in early battles checked the infantry attack. Even then the infantry needed firepower. Whether they could be held against enemy counter-attacks was another matter.

Any infantry that won its objectives would have to endure a heavy counter-barrage and counter-attacks which often caused greater losses than the attack itself. Translating tactical success into strategic victory proved impossible. Dust Jacket Condition: Fine. Hardcover in dust jacket.

First printing of Greenwich Editions edition. Book and price-clipped dust jacket are in fine, As New condition, crisp and clean, with tight binding and fresh pages. Book's boards repeat image on jacket. Photo illustrations throughout. Including index. In protective Mylar.

World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918

Heavy--may require additional postage if shipped abroad. More information about this seller Contact this seller First published in the UK in Book is tight, square, and unmarked. Book Condition: Fine. Black cloth boards and spine with bright gilt lettering on spine. In this book, that author looks in detail at forty-two individual low-level battles spanning eighty years of armored warfare, ranging from the First and Second World Wars to Korea and Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflicts and the Gulf War.

A comprehensive and carefully crafted evocation of life at the sharp end of tank warfare, as seen from the dramatic perspective of the tank crews themselves.

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A clean very presentable copy in a Brodart mylar jacket. Published by Spa Books Stevenage About this Item: Spa Books Stevenage , Fuller, but wrote his story of the Tank in the Great War for the intelligent layman? Original green cloth ; gilt ; 20 x 14cm. Originally published in , the author had first-hand experience having fought as a tank commander in the first tank versus tank duel in , for which he was awarded the Military Cross.

This exciting incident, and many others, are narrated here in this balanced blend of technical information, operational history and personal experience. The author investigates the origins of tanks, the development of the machinery and the concept. He describes all the tank battles of the war which included the Somme, Arras, Ypres and Cambrai. Also covered are less publicised activities such as training at home, the depot, thrills of the first tank ride etc.

The author briefly goes into use of tanks in Egypt and the formation of the USA Tank Corps, with illustrations, a glossary of tank terms, etc.